In this last article for 2009, I bring to you a series of odds and ends, mostly about mindfulness and strengths.
You know how it is, when you turn your attention to something it appears to be everywhere.
I have written before about mindfulness and meditation:
April 2008 – Wellbeing, Meditation and Mindfulness
May 2006 – Mindfulness
July 2004 – Meditation, Mediation or Medication?
There are increasing amounts of information and research supporting this very powerful practice.
Here are just some bits of information which I think will interest you.
1. Time affluence and employee well-being:
There are numerous references to mindfulness research on a Positive Psychology discussion list of which I am a member. One of the articles concerned “Time Affluence”. The researchers, Tim Kasser and Ken Sheldon, two well-known names in the Positive Psychology world, suggest that time affluence is a topic worthy of consideration by business executives when considering how to improve employee wellbeing. Time affluence is an important predictor of subjective well-being. This is not simply about the time needed to just ‘chill out’, it’s the time required to invest in meaningful work, to do a job well, and to cultivate meaningful and supportive relationships. These are essential to our wellbeing. Time affluence enables us to stay in the present (“a psychological characteristic demonstrated by past research to benefit well-being”), to be mindful and to be fully aware of our experiences. Time poverty affects “physical health, civic engagement and family involvement” and can lead to cognitive overload.
The authors conducted studies and found that time affluence related positively to subjective well-being, job satisfaction and satisfaction with life. They reported that “individuals who experienced more time affluence apparently report higher levels of subjective well-being in part because they experience more mindfulness and greater satisfaction of their psychological needs”. They also found that “the benefits of time affluence also occur for people who want to be busy”.
“People higher in time affluence reported experiencing more autonomy, competence and feelings of intimacy with others and reported spending more time pursuing activities related to personal growth, connections to others, and physical fitness; such experiences and activities apparently helped to satisfy people’s psychological needs, to the benefit of their personal well-being.”
(Reference: “Time Affluence as a Path Toward Personal Happiness and Ethical Business Practice” by Tim Kasser and Ken Sheldon, published in Journal of Business Ethics, 2009, 84:243-255)
2. Mindful Leadership:
This is the name of a book written by Michael Carroll who was in Australia recently. The Australian Financial Review’s Boss Magazine attended his mindfulness workshop in September 2009 and wrote about this experience in last week’s Boss Magazine “Carroll talks of mindful meditation as “another different muscle altogether; one that has grown profoundly flabby in the modern world”. Carroll argues that we should meditate because it can preserve our sanity”. (Nb – Boss Magazine, free with the Fin Review, is published on the second Friday each month from Feb-Nov, and the first Friday in Dec.)
I attended a workplace well-being conference in Sydney in September 2009 at which Michael Carroll also spoke. He had much wisdom to share, and many reminders of the dangers of speed, busy-ness and the pressure to achieve things fast. “Busy-ness suggests importance and relevance”; we want to get somewhere fast and we want to be someone fast: “in the effort to get somewhere we overlook the need to just be somewhere and to be who we are. Mind training helps to remember and learn how to simply be”. “The speeding mind is the essence of fear, it’s just a form of panic”.
Carroll mentioned that mindfulness is taught in many professions including law and the military. The military uses meditation to manage post traumatic stress disorder and “a diplomat in US Defence is combining Martin Seligman’s positive psychology practices and mindfulness”.
Carroll also mentioned that just 2-3 mins of silence and sitting quietly in the classroom radically improves childrens’ attention spans.
3. Jon Kabat-Zinn in Australia:
Another very well-known figure in mindfulness. Dr Jon Kabat-Zinn & Dr Saki Santorelli visited Sydney in November 2009 and led 7-day Professional Training Retreat. Kabat-Zinn also conducted dialogues with clinicians and health-care professionals at Westmead Hospital, Sydney and delivered a public talk. I know a number of people who attended the retreat or talk, and were very impressed.
For more information and for a recent radio interview, see: http://www.abc.net.au/rn/spiritofthings/stories/2009/2735241.htm
4. The Dalai Lama and Martin Seligman:
It was a great joy last week to attend the Mind and Its Potential conference in Sydney week and to see the Dalai Lama, Martin Seligman, B. Allan Wallace and Marc Hauser on stage together for almost three hours, conversing about their areas of interest. The discussion was moderated by Natasha Mitchell from ABC Radio National. No pun intended…it was a definitely a meeting of minds. This was the first time Seligman and the Dalai Lama had met each other.
5. Loving Kindness Meditation and Positive Emotions:
This is not so new. Barbara Fredrickson, very well-known and highly respected in the positive psychology world, is famous for her research on positive emotions. Over the recent years she has tested the ancient practice of loving kindness meditation. She has found that it leads to improved happiness, enhanced positive emotions and enhanced personal resources. (Reference: “Open Hearts Build Lives: Positive Emotions Induced Through Loving-Kindness Meditation, Build Consequential Personal Resources” by Fredrickson, Coffee, Peck, Cohn, Finkel, published in Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2008, Vol 95)
Strengths and Acceptance
Here are two articles which you might like to read when you have a spare (!) moment.
“Holiday Strengths”: http://positivepsychologynews.com/news/amanda-horne/200912035888
“Tis the Season for Acceptance”: http://positivepsychologynews.com/news/denise-quinlan/200912086227